Pawapuri - The Sacred Place of Jains
Fast Facts About Pawapuri
Location: Rajgir District of Bihar.
Famous As: Sacred Place of Jainism
Major Attractions: Jalmandir, Samosharan
Nearby Destinations: Rajgir (38 km), Patna (100 km), Nalanda, Gaya
One of the most sacred places for the followers of Jainism, Pawapuri also called Apapuri is situated about 100 kms away from Bihar’s capital Patna. Jains believe that all their sins end after paying a visit to Pawapuri. Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism and the final Tirthankar breathed his last at this place around 500 B.C. People of Jainism believe claim that the demand for the ashes of Mahavira was too high and huge amount of soil was removed from around the funeral pyre, which cause the creation of water tank.
Jalmadir: A marble temple Jalmandir was constructed in the middle of the tank, which is now an important pilgrimage spot for Jains.
Samosharan: Samosharan is another significant Jain Temple situated at Pawapuri.
Excursions from Pawapuri
Rajgir: The ancient capital of Magadh Empire, which flourished in the 6th century BC, Rajgir is renowned as the only hill station of Bihar. Flanked by seven hills is in midst of lush green forest, the hill town of Rajgir is also known for its historical and religious importance along with a popular health resort. The hill town is also known for its association with Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira. There are a number of hot springs in and around the town.
Patna: Known as Patliputra in the ancient time, Patna is situated on the main line of eastern railway and is well connected with air services. The ruins of the ancient Patliputra have been excavated at Kumrahar, Patna sahib is also famous for being birth place of the tenth and last Guru of the Sikh, Guru Govind Singh, Harmandirji consecrates his birth place. The museum, Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park, Martyr's Memorial, Biskoman Tower, Gandhi Maidan, Ganges River, Golghar and Khuda Baksh Oriental Library are other places of tourist interest at Patna.
Gaya: It is a very sacred pilgrim center for the Hindus. Oblations are offered for salvation of their dead parents and forefathers. The temple of Vishnupad on the bank of river Falgu, attracts a very large number of pilgrims from all over the world.
Bodhgaya: It is the holiest amongst holy places for Buddhists, where Prince Siddharatha attained the supreme enlightenment and became the Buddha, the enlightened one. The present Bodhi Tree is fifth in succession to the original tree under which Lord Buddha had attained the enlightenment. The ancient Mahabodhi Temple, The railings and the Ashokan pillar are of great historical as well as architectural importance. The modern monasteries of Japan, Thailand, China, Tibet, Mayamar, Bhutan and Sri Lanka built in their national architectures are very colorful and remain humming with religious activities.
Other Attractions Around Pawapuri
Rajgir Dance Festival: Bihar State Tourism Department organizes every year, this colorful festival of classical and folk dances from October 24 to October 26.
Arts and Crafts: The places around Pawapuri are famous for stone sculptors and bowls.
How to Reach Pawapuri
By Air: The nearest airport is located in Patna about 110 kms. away. Patna Airport of Jai Prakash International Airport is served by flights from Delhi, Kolkata, Ranchi and many other cities of India. After reaching to the airport hire a taxi or cab to reach Pawapuri.
By Rail: Rajgir (40 kms) is the nearest railhead from Pawapuri, which is connected to national capital New Delhi by Sharamjeevi Express. Patna Junction is the major railhead near to Pawapuri, which is linked to almost every part of the country through numerous trains.
By Road: Good motorable road connects Pawapuri with Rajgir, Gaya and Patna. A taxi or bus can be taken to visit the town of Pawapuri.
Where to Stay at Pawapuri
Devotees of Mahavir and tourists can stay at the tourist bungalows of Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation Ltd. The government owned bungalows offer comfortable stay to guests with access to essential amenities. You can also stay at Rajgir, where a number of moderately priced hotels and guest houses are available.